Notes on the Khilafat and Non-Co-operation Movements. The Khilafat movement was organized by Mohamed Ali and Shaukat AH in protest against the injustice done to Turkey after the war. In 1920, the Congress adopted the Non-Cooperation Movement under the leadership of Gandhiji.
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Communal parties were narrow minded in outlook and displayed an anti-national, unpatriotic attitude towards the problem of independence. Their immediate goal was not freedom for India, but the extraction of petty favours from the British for the upper-classes of their communities.
During the 19th Century, the cultural revival began in India and the credit to its goes to Raja Ram Mohan Roy. Raja Ram Mohan Roy was born on 22nd May, 1772 in Bengal.
In 1867, the Prarthna Samaj was founded in Bombay. Mahadev Govinda Ranade joined it. Its religious and social reforms were similar to those of the Brahmo Samaj.
Mirza Ghulam Ahmed had founded the Ahmediya Movement in 1899. Under this movement a number of schools and colleges were opened all over India, imparting modern education.
The Indian society during the 19th century suffered from a number of social evils including the caste system, untouchability, illiteracy, Sati, child marriage, polygamy, superstitions, infanticides (human sacrifice) etc.
The British Indian Association was formed in 1851 in Bengal to represent Indian grievances to the British government. In 1876, Surendranath Banerjee founded the Indian Association in Bengal.
It was a country wide movement. This movement was started by Alt brothers, Mohammed Ali and Shukot All, in order to show their agitation to the government as the Muslims/Turkey were ill treated. The Muslim's religious leader Khalif lives there.
15 essential points on religion, social reform and cultural awakening movements in India. In the nineteenth century AD, a spirit of reform began in India. It focused on both religious and social issues. Another reformer was Ishawar Chandra Vidyasagar. He did a great deal of work in the field of education and reforms for the women.
The need for the reform was felt by the Muslims only in the early 19th century AD. The reformists felt that Islam in India had degenerated. They took upon themselves the task of purifying and strengthening Islam.