Communicable diseases can be controlled and prevented by adequate measures which involve: 1. Diagnosis 2. Notification 3. Isolation 4. Treatment 5. Quarantine 6. Investigation 7. Disinfection 8. Blocking of transmission 9. Immunization 10. Health education.
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The cause for rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is rheumatic fever. Rheumatic fever is a febrile disease. It is caused by group A beta hemolytic streptococci.
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is also called as ischemic heart disease. It is defined as "impairment of heart function due to inadequate coronary circulation". It occurs due to obstructive changes in coronary circulation of the heart.
It is defined as any deviation from normal functioning or state of complete physical or mental well-being. Disease has several spectrum ranging from mild cases to severe illness. The end result (outcome) of a disease may be recovery, disability or death.
Headache, faintness, sickness, vomiting and diarrhea are often caused by the foul air of rooms, public halls, theatres and other overcrowded and badly ventilated buildings People who constantly live under such conditions suffer from loss of appetite, sleeplessness, low spirits and general bad health.
Papaya mosaic disease is caused by papaya ring spot virus, which occurs in all aerial parts of host except the seeds. The disease appears as profuse mottling and puckering of young leaves and subsequently developing ones.
In order to understand the occurrence of diseases in more than the excepted number and why there are greater chances of spread of an epidemic during a disaster we need to understand how diseases occur.
There should be large gap period (about 5 years) between the births of the two children, so that the first child can be breast fed for a long time. Breast feeding should be continued as long as possible. When the quantity of the mother’s milk decreases the child’s diet should be supplemented with appropriate protein rich foods.