Diphtheria is an acute infectious disease caused by bacteria named ‘Croynebacterium diphtheria’. The incubation period for this disease in short varies from 2 to 5 days, but it may be longer.
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Another infectious disease is mumps, which is characterized by fever and swelling of salivary glands. It is also common among the children as well as adults. Its incubation period is from 17 to 26 days and infective period lasts until the swelling subsides.
Measles is one of the most common infectious diseases of childhood. It spreads very rapidly and caused by a specific virus, which is present in the nasal discharges and skin scrapings. The incubation period for this is around 8 to 10 days. In adults it may be slightly longer.
Enteric fever includes both typhoid and paratyphoid. It spreads through bacteria. The causative organism of typhoid is “Bacillus typhus’s” and that of paratyphoid “Bacillus paratyphoid”.
Dysentery is generally caused by two types of germs: (a) Bacillary dysentery caused by ‘bacteria’ and (b) Amoebic dysentery caused by ‘amoeba’.
This infection is caused by bacteria affecting the alimentary canal of human being. It breaks out in epidemic form. Due to improper care and treatment, it may lead to a person’s death.
Many lives have been lost due to shock. A tragic fact is that many of these deaths were needless because proper preventive ‘measures can eliminate or Lesson the danger of the shock. Shocks are of different types.
A fracture is an injury caused due to a fall from a place and as a result of which bone is broken. This is a common feature with the school children. There are three kinds of fracture: Simple, Compound and Complicated. When the skin is not bruised, it is called a simple fracture.
When a joint part of the body is stretched sudden jerk or twisted, sprain is caused.
The thing which caused injury, to the normal system of the body is known as Poison, Mainly there are two types of poisons: Corrosive and Non-corrosive.