Two Main Causes of Law Death-Rate in India

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The expansion of family welfare programme leads to decline in birth-rate slowly but due to rapid decline in death-rate, there has not been any significant decline in the growth rate of population. The cause of decline in death-rate is given below:

(a) Control of Epidemics:

There were famines, floods and cyclones etc. in the paste led to increase in death-rate. Due to development of transport and communication, now we are able to send goods from one place to another place.

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So there is now less harmful effects of all these natural calamities. Different types of epidemics like plague, cholera and malaria were responsible for high death- rate. But due to development of medical and treatment facilities, these have been controlled.

(b) Improvement in medical science and health facilities:

Medical science and health facilities have improved a lot. Due to medical facilities, epidemics have been controlled. Due to different-types of family welfare measures both the infant mortality-rate and female death-rate have declined.

Good water, better drainage facilities and trained medical personnel also help us to improve the sanitary condition for which the death-rate has declined significantly.

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