20 Frequently asked questions on development of infrastructure in India

Q. 1. What is meant by infrastructure?

Ans. Infrastructure refers to the facilities, activities and services which support operation and development of other sectors of the economy. They are useful in the daily life of the society.

Q. 2. What are the main kinds of infrastructure?


Ans. Infrastructure can be divided into three kinds as (i) Sources of energy (ii) Transport services and (Hi) Communication facilities.

Q. 3. What are the main conventional sources of energy?

Ans. The main conventional sources of energy are as: Coal, Lignite, Petroleum, Natural Gas, Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG), Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and electricity etc.

Q. 4. Give the types of bio-energy.


Ans. (i) Bio-gas and (ii) Bio-mass.

Q. 5. What is solar energy? Give its types.

Ans. Solar energy implies to that which is produced by the light of the sun it is of two types as (i) solar thermal programme and (ii) solar photovoltaic programme.

Q. 6. Where was the first nuclear energy (atomic plant) set up?


Ans. The first Atomic plant was set up at Tarapore with 424 MW capacities.

Q. 7. What are the main sources of power generation?

Ans. (i) Thermal Power (ii) Hydro-electric Power and (Hi) Nuclear Power.

Q. 8. What are the main sources of energy in India?


Ans. Sources of energy in India may be divided into two parts as sources of commercial energy and sources of non-commercial energy. The main sources are: coal, Hydel, solar, nuclear etc.

Q. 9. In how many parts Indian roads have been classified?

Ans. Indian roads have been classified into different parts-National Highways, State or Provincial Highways, District Roads, Village Roads, Border Roads.

Q. 10. In how many zones Indian Railways have been divided from the point of view of administration?


Ans. Railways were regrouped into 10 zones from the point of view of administration.

Q. 11. What are the different corporations of Air Transport in India?

Ans. The corporation of Air Transport in India has been divided into three parts as, Air India International Corporation, Indian Airlines Corporation and Private Airline.

Q. 12. Name the two shipping companies of public sector.


Ans. (i) Hindustan shipyard, Vishakhapatnam (ii) Garden Reach Workshop, Calcutta.

Q. 13. What are the main means of transport in India?

Ans. Means of transport in India may be divided into four parts; as railways, road transport, water transport, air transport.

Q. 14. What are different classifications of roads?

Ans. In India, roads have been classified into five parts as: National highway, state highway, district highways, village highway, and border highway.

Q. 15. What are the different kinds of water transport?

Ans. Water transport has been divided into three parts as: Inland water transport, coastal transport, oceanic transport.

Q. 16. Point out any two advantages of water transport.

Ans. (i) Cheapest means of transport and (ii) useful during natural calamities.

Q. 17. Mention any two demerits of water transport.

Ans. (i) Limited area and (ii) Less safety.

Q. 18. Give any two problems of water transport.

Ans. (i) Inadequate attention towards modernization and (ii) Stiff competition.

Q. 19. Give any two advantages of air transport.

Ans. (i) High speed and (ii) Free from geographical constraints.

Q. 20. Point out any two disadvantages of air transport.

Ans. (i) It is very expensive means of transport, and (ii) It is irregular means of transport.