After the fall of the Kushanas in the north and the Satavahanas in the south a new dynasty came to power in India in the beginning of the 4th century AD. This dynasty was called the Gupta dynasty. Art, literature, science and industry developed under the patronage of the Gupta rulers. The founder of this dynasty was Srigupta.

Chandragupta I (320-335AD):

The first great ruler of this dynasty was Chandragupta I who ruled from 320 to 335 AD. His capital was at Patliputra. He assumed the title of Maharaja-Adhirja. With the help of Lichhavi he conquered the neighboring states.

Samudragupta (335-375 AD):


Samudragupta ascended the throne in 335 AD after the death of his father. He was one of the greatest, the most powerful and the ablest rulers of the Gupta dynasty. Thus he conquered many big and small annexed them to his kingdom. He ruled from 335 AD to 375 AD.

Chandragupta II or Chandragupta Vikaramaditya:

Chandragupta II was theson of Samudragupta. He came to the throne in 375 AD.
Gujarat and Saurashtra which had been ruled by Saka’ was a great patron of art and literature. There was galaxy of such in the court of Chandragupta Vikramaditya. He ruled from 375 4 to 412 AD. He was succeeded by Kumargupta in 414 AD. He ruled from 414 AD to 455 AD. He was succeeded by Skandgupta who ruled from 455 AD to 467 AD. Bhanugupta was the last ruler of dynasty. Rule of this dynasty came to an end in 570 AD.