Some well-known Literary Works of Medieval Period in India


(i) Katha-Sarit-Sagar of Somadeva.

(ii) Rajatarangini of Kalhan.

(iii) Gitagovinda of Jayadeva.


(iv) Historical accounts of Sultanate rulers were written in Persian. Zia-ud-din Barani’s Tarikh-i-Firuz Shahi; Minhaj Siraj’s Tabaqat-e-Nasiri are the most important works of the period.

This was the period when other languages had started developing into modern Indian languages.

Nripatunga wrote a great work of poetry in Kannada called the Kavirajamarga. Pampa wrote the Adipurana and Vikramarjuna-Vijaya. Ponna wrote the Shantipurana. Two of his famous works are the Ajitapurana and the Gadayuddha.

Kamban wrote the Ramayana in Tamil. Telgu also produced great religious and secular literature in this period.


Ain-e-Akbari by Abul Fazal gives an account of Akbar’s reign. Many classical Sanskrit works on different subjects were also rendered in Persian during the Mughal period.

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