UNO stands for United Nations Organisation. It is the world body which came into existence on October 24, 1945 at the end of the Second World War. Obviously it was formed to save the world from the catastrophe of another World War. The UNO is successfully doing its work and is trying to maintain mternational peace and security by developing friendly relations among nations.
The UNO has six organs to carry out its business. However Security Council is its most important organ. America, Ussia, England, France and China are the five permanent Members of the Security Council. They enjoy the right of veto, which means that the Security Council cannot take any without unanimous consent of these five members. If
Any of these members disagrees; the decision cannot be taken as valid. In this council, there are ten temporary members besides its six organs, of the UNO, there are a number of Specialised Agencies of this organisation some of them are the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) the World Health Organisation (WHO), the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF), the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) etc. These agencies are charged with specific responsibilities in the fields of health, education, science, trade, culture, human rights etc.
The UNO has done valuable work in the political field. During its sixty years of existence it has successfully maintained peace either by avoiding war or by preventing its (War’s) outbreak on different occasions. It prevented the Korean War from turning into World War. It also checked a war that might had taken place between England and Egypt on the issue of Suez Canal. Thus it is only because of the UNO that no Third World War has been broken so far.
So far the role of the UNO in the social field in concerned, it has done great work through its various specialised agencies. It has tried to remove poverty and diseases. The World Health Organisation is doing a lot of work for the protection to the health of mankind. UNICEF has rendered useful services to poor and orphan children. The World Bank and IMF have been giving monetary help to the backward countries. UNESCO is doing a wonderful job in the field of education and culture. The UNO has also helped India in the economic, social, educational, cultural and scientific development. It tried to solve the Kashmir issue too but unluckily the issue has not been decided so far. However India has full faith in its ideals.
Owing to its services to the world, the UNO is the only hope of the world. It has been doing a great and commendable job to promote peace and prosperity all around the world.