Characteristics of sports training are as follows:
1. It has a Balanced Plan:
Sports training have a balanced plan in the sense that it touches all the dimensions of individual’s personality. It focuses on the major physical and tactical components of training: endurance capacity, muscular strength, oxygen intake, etc., individual and team tactics, and strategies and course knowledge. All of this has to be done in a sequence that brings the athlete to the event fully prepared.
2. It Works for Uninterrupted Physical Activity:
Sports people use numerous terms to describe the characteristics of these temporal dimensions of training. Single human movements, which occur in a second or two, are combined and repeated to make a training bout or work-out, a period of more or less uninterrupted physical activity.
3. It Uses Scientific Approaches:
It works on scientific patterns. Its various equipment and methods of training used in various sports are supported by science arid the aim is to improve the technique and performance using advances in natural and social sciences.
4. It Follows a Particular Pattern:
Sports training usually follow a particular pattern. Workouts may occupy a few minutes or hours, and may be continuous exercise, a set of reps or repeated movements, or a set of sets. A complete training session usually lasts an hour or two and consists of one or more workouts.
The nature of each session may vary, but after a week or so a repeated pattern of sessions known as a micro cycle usually emerges. A series of micro cycles may constitute a phase of training, for example, a build-up or specialty phase. A repeated pattern of phases or micro cycles makes up a monocycle, and season or macro cycle of training may consist of a repeated set of monocycles. Finally, over a period of years a training history develops.
5. It is a Complex Behaviour:
Sports training are a complex behaviour, mainly because it is performed in a time frame that ranges from seconds to years.
6. It is Individualistic:
Sports training should be specific to an individual’s performance and technique.
7. It is Performance Oriented:
It shows the way to win. Winner takes it all. All that matters is a high level of performance and all it takes to achieve it whether it is physical, psychological or technical preparation.
8. It is based on Educational Process:
Educational process goes on during training and thus emerges a sports personality which is very important in the overall development of an athlete as an individual as well as sports person. Learning of rules, regulations, training methods and processes, even one’s own psychological state, equipment, skills, abilities or perhaps even the number and caliber of training companions helps to develop knowledge and all round personality of an athlete.
9. It Helps in Confidence Building:
The basic of training is to believe one can win, even though one may not win very often. The athlete who cannot handle defeat and lean from the process will have a more difficult time learning how to win. Someone who expects to win will be less likely to give way under pressure than someone who merely hopes to win. The most useful tool in building this attitude is rehearsal of all the possible scenarios. Mental rehearsal also helps build confidence for winning.