An Indian prince, Raja Mahendra Pratap strenuously worked for the freedom of the country. From 1914 to 1945, he stayed outside India and organised revolutionary activities. In 1915, he set up a Provisional Government of Free India in Kabul. Later he worked for the Ghadr Party and established an Indian League in Japan.
Mahendra Pratap was in favour of technical and vocational education. He established the Prem Vidyalaya in U.P. He condemned the concept of class war and abolished the zamindari system. He also launched two newspapers—Prem in Hindi and Nirbal Sewak in Hindi and Urdu.