The 42nd Amendment Act, introduced Article 51 A, in the Constitution and incorporated a set of fundamental Duties of citizens in a separate part added to chapter IV. This prescribed for the first time, ten fundamental Duties, to be followed by the Indian citizens. They are as follows.

i. To abide by the constitution and respect the National Flag and the National Anthem.

ii. To cherish and follow the noble ideas which inspired our national straggle for freedom.

iii. To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India.


iv. To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so.

v. To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities, to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of the women.

vi. To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture.

vii. To protect and improve the natural environment including to rests, lakes, rivers and wild life and to have compassion for living creatures.


viii. To develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform.

ix. To safeguard public property and abjure violence.

x. To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement.