The Chapter of Fundamental duties was inserted in our Constitution by 42nd Amendment of the Constitution in 1976. By 42nd Amendment after Part-IV of Constitution, Part IVA and Article 51-A is inserted in the Constitution which lays down Fundamental Duties of the citizens. Fundamental Duties of the Indian Citizens
(a) It is the duty of every citizen to abide by the constitution and respect its ideal and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem.
(b) It is the duty to cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom.
(c) It is the duty to uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India.
(d) It is the duty of every citizen to defend the country and render national service when called upon to do.
(e) It is the duty to promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women.
(f) It is the duty of every citizen to value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture.
(g) It is the duty to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wild life and have compassion for living creatures.
(h) It is the duty of the citizen to develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform.
(i) It is the duty of every citizen to safeguard public property and to abjure violence.
(j) It is the duty of every citizen to strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievements.