The constitution outlines the fundamental duties of the Indian citizens, which were incorporated in the constitution by the 42nd Amendment Act in 1976. The major fundamental duties have been specified in Article 51A and include the following:

(i) to abide by the constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem.

(ii) to cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom.

(iii) to uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India.


(iv) to defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so.

(v) to promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity or women.

(vi) to value and preserve the rich heritages of our composite culture.

(vii) to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wild life and to have compassion for living creatures.


(viii) to develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform.

(ix) to safeguard public property and abjure violence.

(x) to strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement.