(i) Listening and Seeing:
It involves the learning methods based on perceptual skills. Listening involves the hearing of something (use of only one of the senses). Since hearing accounts for only 13 percent of learning, this is the least effective method when used alone. Examples of teaching techniques include lectures and discussions, which permit one to learn through listening.
On the other hand, seeing involves the eyes in observing new information. It is estimated that 75 per cent of learning is derived from the eyes. Examples of teaching techniques include illustrated talks demonstrations, tours, field trips and exhibits, which permit one to learn through seeing.
When the young people see and hear material, they will retain approximately 50 per cent. Observing demonstrations, seeing movies, slide/tapes, etc., and participating in tours are all ways members can see and hear and are generally popular teaching methods.
(ii) Doing and Saying:
It involves the learning methods based on action and expressions. Doing involves the total individual in the learning process or experience. By the involvement of the learner, maximum learning occurs. Examples of teaching techniques include work sessions or workshops, judging and role-playing, which foster learning through “doing” by the student.
When young people are actively involved in saying and doing, they will retain approximately 90 per cent of the material. Most people learn best by actually “doing”. Provide opportunities for the members to practice and explore what they have learned. They might plan and present a