Individual is now considered as the unit of society. This shift therefore, h brought about change in the old religious relations. Contemporary forces are no J weakening. Hinduism as an ideology and culture. Basically religious outlook dominates emotional and practical life. Religious conceptions are manifested art, painting and folk culture.

Basically religious outlook dominates and practical life. Religious exceptions are manifested in art, painting and folk culture. Traditional religious concepts determine individual behaviour and social control. But development has taken place.

After the advent of British rule, Indian society faced a progressive transformation. Subsistence economy was replaced by capitalistic economy. Consequently, there is a development of non-religious and secular norms.

The authoritarian religious norms which for ages governed Indian life are now being replaced by democratic and equalitarian ideas. Secular institution and association are developing along with a secular leadership for social control.