To save the country from the external invasion and from the internal disturbances a well maintained defense system has been set up in our country. The President of India is the supreme commander of the country’s defense system. The whole administrative control of the Armed forces lies in the Ministry of Defense.
The whole defense system has been divided into three services-Such that Army, Navy and Air force. The Ministry of Defense and the three services headquarters exercise all operational and administrative control of the Armed Forces.
The army is headed by “Chief of the Army staff”. Its Headquarter is situated in New Delhi. The army is organised into six commands which are given below-
(i) Western Command – Chandigarh
(ii) Eastern Command – Kolkata
(iii) Northern Command – 56 A. P. O.
(iv) Southern Command – Pune
(v) Central Command – Lucknow
(vi) Army Training Command –
Each command is under a General Officer Commanding-in-Chief of the Rank of Lieutenant General.
The Navy is headed by the “Chief of the Naval Staff” of the Rank of Admiral. Its headquarter is situated in New Delhi. The navy is divided into three commands. Each command is headed by an officer of the rank of vice Admiral.
The Air Force is headed by Chief of the Air Staff of the rank of Air Chief Marshal. Its Headquarter is situated in New Delhi. The Air Force is divided into seven commands.
Location of Defence Establishments
The following Fighter Aircraft are included in the Indian Air Force- 5U-75, Hunters, MIG-29, MIG-23, MIG-21, MIG-27 and MIG-25 supersonic. Sjg-29 has been renamed as Baaz. India has also acquired Mirage-2000 r0m France which are called Vajra. MI-45, MI-85, Cheetas and Chetaks are the Halicopters used in Indian Air Force.
(i) The first Aircraft carrier of Indian Navy was INS Vikrant.
(ii)India’s largest aircraft carrier is the INS Viraat.
(iii) INS Chakra-India’s first nuclear-powered submarine leased from Soviet Union.
(iv) INS Vibhuti-This is the country’s first indigenously built missile boat.
Defence Production undertakings :
Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) has been established in 1964 to manufacture defence equipments which has factories at following places : 1. Bangalore 2. Koraput 3. Nasik 4. Karwa 5. Kanpur 6. Lucknow 7. Barrackpur 8. Hyderabad
India’s Internal Security:
National Cadet Corps (NCC)-It was established in .1948 AD. Its “lain objective is to stimulate interest among the youth in the defence of the country in order to build up a reserve manpower to expand armed forces.
Territorial Army-Territorial Army was established in 1948 AD. It is a voluntary part-time (between 18 and 35 years) force, not professional soldiers but civilians, who wish to assist in defence of the country.
Border Security Force (BSF)-
It was established in 1965 AD. Its quarter is located in New Delhi. The objective of this organisation is defense of international borders against the intrusion in the country.
It was established in 1962 to assist the police in maintaining security, to help defence forces and to help local authorities in of any eventuality.
Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)-
This organisation was set up in 1939 AD. Its headquarter is located in New Delhi. The main objective of this organization is to assist the State/Union Territory Police in maintenance of law and order.