A map is a conventional representation of the earth (whole or part of it) drawn to scale on a flat surface.
Different Types of Maps Are:
(a) Wall maps and atlas maps: These give the general structure of a large area such as continents or countries.
These are small scale maps which give a general picture of a larger area.
(b) Topographic maps: These are large scale maps. They give greater details of a small area – town maps, village maps. They show details of streets, plots and fields in the area. These are also called Cadastral maps.
(c) Thematic maps: These maps show selected features only. These are helpful in studying relationships between two variables in a region. They are more important than general maps in studying environmental relationships e.g., weather map, population map, road map, vegetation, etc.
Maps may be large scale or small scale.