One may ask why, for a poor country of a poor region, tourism becomes the only option that is to be developed through state subsidy via investment aid and tax exemptions. The answer is often simplistic – to earn the foreign exchange necessary to build the nation, we must have an export oriented economy. IMF/World Bank conditionalities with the structural adjustment programme of reforms encourage “invisible” exports like tourism, which has been pushed as a tool of development by international agencies like the world tourism organisation. Their argument is couched in the most persuasive terms. Eco-tourism is different to beach and resort tourism; this difference is based on a developmental myth that states:
The value placed on natural and cultural resources in the function of tourism can be a tool for raising consciousness and greater citizen participation in environmental protection and conservation.
The myth further states that:
Well organized nature tourism, with several options for the national population can contribute to their environmental education.