Three levels of Management are:

According to this line of thinking, management is divided into three levels:

(1) Top management:

This is responsible for framing of the policy, coordination and motivation of the personnel.


(2) Middle management:

Also called departmental management which is responsible for planning, coordination, motivation and control of activities.

(3) Supervisory management:

This is the lowest level of management and is used for supervision and expert decisions regarding the technologies of cooperation.


On the other hand an equally prominent view is represented by the American writers of management. This line of thinking makes a distinction between administration and management and holds that administration is superior to management.

Accordingly, administration is concerned with the determination of overall objectives, policies and specific goals. Administration is the determining function. As against it, management is concerned with the carrying out of executive functions.