a. Fascism:

In Italy Mussolini was the founder of Fascism.

b. Features:

Not much different from Nazism, Fascism may be defined as the beliefs and political system developed by Mussolini of Italy.


The features of Fascism may be described as follows: (1) State-worship, meaning that state is supreme and everything else is less important to the state.

(2) Leader-worship which means the leader is the all-powerful man and everybody should abide by him.

(3) War-worship meaning that war is inevitable and peace in politics is seldom to be found.

(4) Anti-communism and opposition to democracy. Fascists were anti-communists because the communists were internationalists, while Fascists glorified the nation.


c. Nazism and Fascism:

Nazism and Fascism was more or less the same thing.

In both Nazism and Fascism the state was supreme and all other things were less important to the interests of the state.

However, without the German experience Fascism might have been more acceptable to the civilized men.