The administrative agency in the province of the Mughal Empire was an exact miniature of that of the central government.

There were the Governor (officially styled Nazim and popularly the Subadhar), the Diwan, and the Bakshi, the Qazi, the Sadr, the Buyutat and the censor. These provincial bakhshis were really officers attached to the contingents that accompanied the different Sunbathers rather than officers of the subhash as geographical units.

The administration was concentrated in the provincial capital. The Mughals were essentially an urban people in India, so were their courtiers and officials. The villages were neglected and village life was dreaded by them as a punishment.

Officers in the Provincial Administration


The Subadhar:

The Subadhar was officially called the nazim or regulator of the province. His essential duties included the maintenance of law and order, to help for the smooth and successful collection of revenue and execution of royal decrees and regulations.

Provincial Diwan:

Provincial Diwan was the second officer in the locality and was the jealous rival of the subadhar. The provincial Diwan was selected by the imperial Diwan and acted directly under his orders and in constant correspondence with him.


The Faujdar:

In the maintenance of peace and the discharge of executive functions in general, the Subadhars’ assistants were the Faujdars. These officers were placed in charge of suitable subdivisions of the provincial officers.

The Kotwal:

The ideal kotwal is described as a man who follows the regulations in his outward actions and fears god inwardly. He should attend, when the sovereign or provincial viceroy holds a court of justice or grants public audience.


Wazir or Chancellor:

Wazir in the Mughal Empire meant the Prime Minister. He was always the head of the revenue department, but in his capacity of Diwan. However, all Diwans were not Wazirs.

The Barnshi or Paymaster:

Every officer of the Mughal government was enrolled as a commander of so many horsemen, and this was only a convenient means of calculating his salary and status.



The Mughals, through their administration, installed an element of homogeneity in the governance of the country. All the subhas of the empire were governed in the same manner of administration. Regard­ing official language and currency, also, this was true.