Ramakrishna Paramhansa never gave religious lectures and founded no sect or Ashram. Spiritual life and experience of God had made his life great. He was the living embodiment of trust and absolute surrender. Detachment and indifference to worldly pleasure was his way of life. His lucidity of expression of serious philosophical thought was as remarkable as his wisdom was unfathomable.

The cumulative effect of his experiences was the deep realization of Advaita. The spiritualism of Ramakrishna rested on simple principle. He was the advocate of Divine love. God to him was beyond definition and description, yet in a personal sense God could be thought of in the shape of image. Religion to him was a freedom of mind to search for spiritual reality without dogmas. Knowledge is not enough to Ramakrishna Paramhansa. Realization of god is impossible without character development and freedom from worldly pleasures.

After having gone through all the austerities, he came to the conclusion that it was not necessary to give up the world to find God but that it was necessary to transform one’ this mind and heart. Ramakrishna’s aim was to establish a spiritual unity among the men through faith in Absolute, the ultimate and the Eternal.

By championing his value of Absolute Reality he broke down the barrier of caste and also saved Hinduism from external attack. Ramkrishna Paramhansa not only championed spiritual unity among different sects of a religion, he also advocated spiritual unity among different religions of the world.


To him all spiritual paths within and without Hinduism, if correctly followed, lead to the same goal. Truth and virtue are the same in all religions. He asked his audience not to waste their time in partisan squabbles over the superiority of this or that creed, or this or that religion. They were advised to seek God with a pure and dedicated heart. Ramakrishna Paramhansa believed in “Nirvikalpa Samadhi” as a means for realization of God. He also believed in the concept of “Guru” or “Teacher” through whom a person can attain enlightenment.

The most important part of his teaching was his concern towards suffering man-kind. Ramakrishna’s realization of divinity of man was at the basis of this message. He was firm in his conviction that one could certainly realize God by serving Him through man as through an image.

The common love of a relative and even that of a philanthropist with their almost invariable tinge of selfishness, have to be distinguished from the worship of God through the service of humanity. Ramakrishna paramahansa also stood for equality of man-kind and strongly opposed caste system.

Great literary and cultural figure of contemporary Bengal like Michael Madhusudan Dutta, Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar, Devendranath Tagore and Keshab Chandra Sen. came in contact with Ramakrishana.Swami Vivekananda; the greatest disciple of Ramakrishna paramahansa carried the message of his master all over India, Europe and America. Ramakrishna paramahansa through his practical example exhibited that Hinduism was not an archaic and dying religion. He made it very dynamic and growth-oriented. Ramakrishana Paramahansa indeed became instrumental for a spiritual revolution in the 19th century India.