(A) Teacher’s Behaviour (Group Characteristics)

These dimensions are related to teacher’s behaviour in the school climate. These are:

(i) Disengagement:

It refers to a teacher’s tendency to be “not with it” which also describes a going through motors”. A group that is “not in gear” with respect to the task and hand this focuses on the teacher’s behaviour in a task-orientation situation.


(ii) Hindrance:

It refers to the teacher’s feelings that the principal burdens them with routine duties; committee demands and other requirements which they feel are unnecessary work.

(iii) Spirit:

It refers to morale of teachers, a feeling that their social needs are being satisfied and that they are at the same time, enjoying the sense of accomplishment.


(iv) Intimacy:

It refers to a teacher’s enjoyment of friendly social relations with each-other. It describes a social need satisfaction which is not necessary associated with task accomplishment.

(B) Principal’s Behaviour (Leader’s Characteristics)

These characteristics are reacted to Principal’s behaviour the following dimensions are followed by it:


i. Aloofness:

It refers to behaviour of the principal which is characterized as formal and impersonal. The “goes by the book” and prefers to be guided by rules and policies rather than deal with teacher in an informal, face to face situation. He keeps himself at least emotionally at a distance from staff.

ii. Production Emphasis:

It refers to behaviour by the principal which is characterised by close supervision of the staff. He is highly directive. His communications are unidirectional with no sensitiveness to feedback from the staff.


iii. Thrust:

It refers to the behaviour of the principal which reflects his evident effort in trying to “move the organization.” This behaviour shows the principal’s attempt to motivate teachers through examples set personally. This behaviour is viewed favorably by the teachers.

iv. Consideration:

It refers to the behaviour of principal with an inclination to treat teachers “humanly” to try to do something extra for them in human term.