A manger is the leader of any organization who has to take decisions, control the situation, be spontaneous and resourceful to change decisions for better functioning of the organization if situation so demands etc. Teachers, like executives in other settings, are expected to provide leadership to students and to coordinate a variety of activities as they and students work interdependently lo accomplish academic and social goals of schooling. As a manger, teacher is concerned with all die three phases of teaching namely, pre-teaching, teaching and post-teaching.

Role of the Teacher in the Pre-teaching Phase:

It comprises the activity of planning teaching- learning process. Planning is a simplification of a complex process which has the following specific activities:

(i) Analyzing the content.


(ii) Deciding on the position of the content to be selected for instruction.

(iii) Deciding on instructional objectives for the chosen content on the basis of the knowledge about

(a) Lend of students

(b) Their socio-cultural context


(c) Time available.

(iv) To study different learning experiences that arc suitable for achieving the set objectives

(v) To decide on the best alternative from a repertoire of learning experiences and deciding the best sequencing of these, to bring about pre-specified learning.

(vi) Deciding the method of evaluating learning and the specific item of evaluation.


Role of a Teacher in the Teaching Phase:

A teacher also plays the role of a manager during the instructional/teaching-learning process. We may examine the following situations:

(i) To sense that students are becoming bored, a teacher decides to stop teaching.

(ii) To realize that a student has not understood a point fully, a teacher decides to simplify the explanation with more examples.


(iii) To make a lesson more interesting, a teacher decides to narrate a related story.

(iv) As students start making too much noise and could not be managed by a teacher. He/She decides to let them go out and play.

(v) As the prepared plan does not prove effective to make students understanding the point, a teacher decides to deviate from the plan and tries out another sequencing of learning experiences.

Role of the Teacher in the Post-teaching Phase:


Post-teaching phase involves teacher’s activities such as analysing evaluation results to determine student’s learning, especially their problems in understanding specific areas, to reflect on the teaching by self, and to decide on the necessary changes to be brought in the system in the next instructional period. As a result in the post -teaching phase, a teacher analyses results, reflects on self and modifies the teaching-learning process, all with purpose of being an effective as a teacher.