It consists of 18 members elected by the General Assembly, one-third retiring after every three years. Retiring members are eligible for immediate re-election. All decisions of the Council are taken by a majority of those present and voting.


The Economic and Social Council is responsible under the authority of the General Assembly for promoting :

1. Higher standards of living, full employment and conditions of economic and social progress and development;

2. International cultural and educational co-operation ;


3. Solution of international economic, social health and related problems;

4. Universal respect for and observance of human rights and funda­mental freedoms, etc.

It also undertakes and promotes studies and reports on economic, social, health and cultural matters, makes recommendations to the General Assembly, states and specialized agencies, etc. It prepares drafts of conventions and calls conferences of states.