Numerous green movements have sprung up all over the world, and some have even gained representations in the governments.
Donald Worster’s Nature’s Economy (1977) became a textbook for the study of ecological thought down the ages. The work of environmental historians has been pathbreaking too. Richard Grove et al’s massive Nature and the Orient (1998), David Arnold and Ramachandra Guha’s Nature, Culture, Imperialism (1995) are significant works in the environmental history of India and Southeast Asia.
Various versions of environmentalism developed later. Deep ecology and ecofeminism were two important developments.