Green Revolution which began in 1960s and new technology introduced in agricultural sector popularly known as package programme. It aimed to diffusing technical know-how credit and agricultural technology to step up agricultural production. It caused phenomenal increase in the production of agricultural increase in the production of agricultural crops especially in food grains.
All though all food grains including wheat, rice, jowar, bajra and maize have gained but coarse cereals, pulses and oil seed suffered. The high yielding varieties seeds introduced were not fully available to all farmers. The Green Revolution technology has also affected only 40% of the total cropped area and 60% is still untouched by it. Thus there have been occurred regional disparities in crop yield also.
To address this problem following methods can be adopted to boost up green revolution and stabilised the Indian agriculture.
(i) Covering wider area:
So, for green revolution has affected only 40% of the agricultural area in the country. The remaining parts especially the eastern region and the larger parts of peninsular India except T.N, and A.P, are still unaffected by Green Revolution. These areas need to be covered by Green Revolution Technology so that agricultural production in India as a whole is increased and at the same time regional disparities are removed.
(ii) More crops should be covered:
The greatest benefits drawn from the Green Revolution is that of by wheat but rice is also benefited to some extent. However, other crops such as cotton, Jute, tea, sugarcane are not affected by it and pulses and oilseeds have suffered much at hands of Green Revolution. So, these crops also be brought under the canvas of Green Revolution and a greater input for research and development is required in this connection.
(iii) Providing more irrigation facilities:
Green Revolution has left greater impact in areas which were better served by irrigation facilities and about 2/3rd of the total cropped area is still without proper irrigation. So, there is urgent need to extend irrigation facilities.
(iv) Helping Small farmers:
About 85% of small farmers in India are almost entirely deprived of the benefits of Green Revolution. These poor farmers should be helped in all possible ways if Indian agricultural development to really become a mass movement.]
(v) Further improving high yielding varieties seeds:
Though there has been tremendous increase in yields of some crops as a result of HYV seeds but they are still much less when compared with the world’s best. Also the possibility of increasing area under cultivation has been almost exhausted and the only way to increase production is to lay more stress on increasing yields.
(vi) Increasing Cropping Intensity:
Cropping intensity is the ratio of gross cropped area to the net sown area and is expressed in percentage. This cropping intensity varies from 100% in Mizoram to 194% in Punjab. Next to Punjab is WB (174%), HP (173%) followed by Haryana (169%) but it is very low m the states of peninsular plateaus. The index of the intensity of cropping depends upon the extent of area sown more than once. The proper irrigation, higher doses of fertilizers and quick ripening varieties of seeds will be very helpful in increasing cropping intensity.