Universalization of education implies five things namely, universalization of provision, universalization of enrolment, universalization of retention universalization of participation and universalization of achievement.
1. Universalization of Provision:
This implies that adequate school facilities should be provide to all children between age group 6 to 14 in the country It means that primary schools should be set up within 1 km from the habitation of the child. It needs to open a large number of schools throughout the country.
2. Universalization of Enrolment:
After making provision for children, next thing is to see how to enrol all the students in primary schools who attain educable age. The Government has decided to enrol all children of the age group 6-14 in primary schools.
All adequate and fruitful steps are being launched to bring all children from every nook and corner of country to the arena of school. The New Education Policy, 1986 assures to enrol all children up to age level 14 and achievement of VEE by 2015 AD through Education for All.
3. Universalization of Retention:
Simply enrolling of children in school will not suffice in the way of universalization. The success of it lies then the enrolled 32 of Education and School Organization children remain in school stage till the completion of school study. But if the child leaves education before completion, the idea of universalization of primary education can not be successful.
4. Universalization of Participation:
For UEE (Universalization of Elementary Education) participation of community is quite inevitable. The community is to be mobilized to take the responsibility for identifying its own needs and to take decisive role in ensuring the implementation programme of UEE.
For better and effective participation of educational administrative personnel educational administration needs decentralization. As a result, the administrative people related to primary education will be accountable to the local community and in turn, community will extend its helping hand for UEE through both formal and non-formal programmes.
5. Universalization of Achievement:
For success of UEE achievement of learners is to be ascertained. The strategy is to lay down learning outcomes from learners at the elementary level. The outcome of the education is to be based of minimum level of learning (MLL) common to both formal and non-formal programme.
For assessing achievement of MLL, continuous comprehensive evaluation of students learning is to be emphasised. This will help to achieve UEE through Education for all (EFA) by 2015 AD.