(i) Banks keep only a small portion of the deposits as cash (about 15 per cent of their deposits as cash).
(ii) This is kept as provision to pay the depositors who might come to withdraw money from the bank on any given day.
(iii) Banks use the major portion of the deposits to extend lo
(iv) There is a huge demand for loans for various economic activities. Banks make use of the deposits to meet the loan requirements of the people.
(v) In this way, banks mediate between those who have surplus funds (depositors) and those who are in need of these funds (borrowers).
(vi) Banks charge a higher rate of interest on loans than what they offer on deposits.
(vii) The difference between what is charged from borrowers and what is paid to depositors is their main source of income.