The neuron is the basic element of the nervous system. The neuron or the nerve ceil is the information transmitting and information-processing element of the nervous system.
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The difference between Neuron and Neuroglia is that the former are structural and functional units of nervous tissue whereas the later are supporting cells of nervous tissue.
Nervous tissue is a highly specialized tissue for reception, discharge and transmission of stimuli. It is ectodermal in origin. It is composed of nerve cells or neurons and neroglia.