The basic idea of the organic theory is to show that the state is, in its nature, like a biological organism or a living being and that the relation between the state and the individual is the same as between an organism and its cell.
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Herbert Spencer was a theorist whose valuable insights have often been drowned in a sea of irrelevance and spacious reasoning. He is popularly known as the British Aristotle and often called the second founding father of sociology.
Herbert Spencer is regarded as the second founding father of Sociology. He was born on April 27, 1820, in Derby in England. He is famous for his 'Organic Analogy'. In Organic Analogy, he identifies society with a biological organism. He says, society and organisms are similar in various ways.