The central government is entitled by the constitution to formulate and implement the language policy.

According to Article 350 centre is responsible to safeguard the cultural interests of the minorities and to see that they have adequate facilities for receiving at least primary education through their mother tongue.

Article 351 entrusts the responsibility of developing and spreading the official language with the centre Article 345 ensures the state govts, a freehand to adopt either a regional language or the official language of the union for the official purposes of the state.

Never in the history of India a single language has been used. The language of the ruler determined the language of the government of During Muslim dominance it was Persian and English during British rule. Political independence in 1947 brought with it demands for cultural and emotional independence. Now India thought of adopting an official language.


Many literary societies and language organizations were set up in the 19th and early 20th centuries to exert their influence over the choice of the official language policy. India being a multi- parity democracy many political parties have also served as pressure groups influencing the post independence modifications in the official language policy.

During the national movement there was a general consensus among leaders (both Hindi and non-Hindi) on the question of making Hindi the official language.