Manufacture of salt was a monopoly of the British government. According to the prevalent law it was illegal for anyone else to manufacture salt. Considering this to be unjust Gandhiji decided to violate the salt laws.
On 12th March, 1930 Gandhiji along with his 78 chosen followers started march on foot from the Sabarmati Ashram of Dandi, a village on the Gujarat sea-coast This is famous in history by the name” Dandi March’. The distance that Gandhiji had to cover on foot was about 320 kilometers.
Gandhiji’s march created unprecedented enthusiasm among the people and soon the Civil Disobedience Movement spread all over the country Gandhiji reached Dandi on 6th April and there he violated the existing salt laws by personally manufacturing salt from the sea- water.
The news spread like bonfire all over India.
b. Background of the Gandhi-Irwin Pact:
The British government of India became very much concerned about the growing intensity of the Civil Disobedience Movement.
Ultimately the British opened negotiations with Gandhiji and the result was the signing of the Gandhi-Irwin Pact. Lord Irwin was the then Governor-General and Viceroy of India.
c. Provisions of the Pact:
Concerned at the growing intensity of the Civil Disobedience Movement Lord Irwin, the then Viceroy of India, opened negotiations with Gandhiji.
The negotiation eventually led to the signing of the Gandhi-Irwin Pact in 1931.
The main provisions, among many others, were as follows:
(a) The Civil Disobedience Movement was to be withdrawn,
(b) Peaceful picketing was allowed, but picketing for the boycott of foreign goods was not to be allowed beyond a limit permissible by law.
(c) The National Congress was to participate in the Second Round Table Conference,
(d) Notifications declaring associations unlawful were to be withdrawn. Such were the principal provisions of the Gandhi-Irwin Pact.