Short Biography of Liaquat Ali Khan


Liaquat Ali Khan was the second son of Nawab Rustam Ali Khan and he was born on October 1, 1896. In 1918 he graduated from M.A.O. College in Aligarh and after his graduation he rejected a job offer in the Indian Civil Services on the appeal that he wanted to serve the nation. He was married to his cousin Jehangira Begum in 1918. After marriage he went to London for higher education and in 1921 he had gained a Law degree from Oxford and was asked to Bar at the inner temple in 1922. He joined politics in 1923 when he returned from England, he was determined to remove the injustices the British display on the Muslims, in his early years like all Muslim Leaders even Liaquat Ali Khan believed in Indian Nationalism but his opinions slowly flexed. Even though he was offered to join the Congress, he refused and joined the Muslim league in 1923. Under the control of Quaid-e-Azam, the Muslim league had its annual meeting in May 1924 in Lahore with the aim of enlivening the league, which Liaquat Ali Khan attended.

Liaqaut Ali Khan initiated his parliamentary career through the U.P. legislative assembly in 1962 as an independent candidate. As time passed he created his own party by the name of the Democratic Party with in the Legislative Party, he was elected as its leader. In 1940 he was elected to the Central Legislative Assembly. In the course of his parliamentary career Liaquat Ali Khan was known to stick to his opinion even in the face of severe odds. He took active part in legislative affairs; he was a part of the Muslim delegation in the national convention held in Calcutta to evaluate the Nehru Report in 1928.

Liaquat Ali Khan’s second marriage took place in 1933 to Raana Begum, she was a well-known economist and educationalist. She stood by her husband through his political career and even accompanied him to his trips to England to persuade the Quaid to return to politics when he was living in self-exile. After the Quaid’s return, the League was reorganized and Liaquat Ali khan was elected as the Honorary Secretary of the party in 1936. In 1940 he was made the deputy leader of the Muslim league Parliamentary party, the Quaid di not actively participate in the proceedings of the assembly as he was handling other heavy political work. Hence the workings of the league fell on the shoulders of Liaquat Ali khan. Liaquat Ali Khan was also the meber of Muslim Masses Civil Defence Committee.


Liaquat Ali khan had won the central legislature election in 1945 – 46 in U.P. He was also the Chairman of the League’s parliamentary board. Hence he assisted the Quaid in negotiations held with the Cabinet Mission and the Congress during the freedom movement. In the representation of the nominees of the interim government, Liaquat Ali Khan was sent as the league’s leader of the Cabinet. Liaqaut Ali Khan was the first Prime Minister of Pakistan after Independence. He helped govern the nation greatly even after the death of the Quaid. It was on October 16, 1951 that he was assassinated; he was given the title of Shahhed-e-Millat.

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