Why did Hume take initiative in founding the Indian National Congress?

ADVERTISEMENTS:

a. Hume’s Initiative:

It is known to all that Allan Octavian Hume, a British retired civilian convened the first meeting of the Indian National Congress in Bombay.

It is a pertinent question that why Hume in spite of his being an Englishman, took initiative in founding the Indian National Congress.

ADVERTISEMENTS:

Hume himself has given an explanation. In his opinion, the discontented Indians at that time had been organizing a powerful rebellion against the foreign rulers.

Hume sought to avoid it by founding the Indian National Congress through which, he believed; the popular discontent could be channelised to peaceful direction.

This explanation about the aims of A O. Hume in founding the Indian National Congress is known as the ‘Safety-valve Theory’.

b. Recent Opinion Regarding the Origin:

ADVERTISEMENTS:

Modern historians, however, consider the ‘Safety-valve Theory’ to be a small part of the truth they are of the opinion that Hume’s role in founding the Indian National Congress has been unnecessarily exaggerated.

As a matter of fact, the credit for founding the Indian National Congress does not belong to any particular individual. Hume could organize the Congress as he had the support and co-operation of the leading personalities of the time.

The national leaders had accepted Hume’s leadership in the matter since he was free from any regional bias.

Moreover, they thought, if a retired Civil Servant like Hume remained at the helm of affairs the British government would not look upon their activities with suspicion.

Web Analytics Made Easy -
StatCounter
Kata Mutiara Kata Kata Mutiara Kata Kata Lucu Kata Mutiara Makanan Sehat Resep Masakan Kata Motivasi obat perangsang wanita