a. Organizational Change:

There was an organizational change from the second session of the Indian National Congress held in 1886 in Calcutta. Henceforth all the delegates attending the Congress were to be elected by different bodies and leading members of the communities.

b. Administrative and Other Demands:

In the sphere of administrative reforms the Indian National Congress put emphasis on the demand for Indianization of public services.


For, the Congress leaders realized that the real improvement of the Indians would never be possible through the British officials as they were indifferent to the interests of the Indian people.

Apart from this, the Indian National Congress adopted resolutions in which the national leaders urged upon the British government to introduce various reforms such as: spread of education among the common people development of agricultural banks to save the peasants from the clutches of the moneylenders, annulment of the discriminatory Arms Act, etc.

The early Congress leaders urged the British government upon the development of agricultural banks. This was necessary to save the peasantry from the oppressions of the moneylenders. The early Congress leaders also demanded extension of medical and health facilities. Also demand was placed for improvement of the police system.