Indeed, one of the consequences of the system of new land-revenue and revenue payment by cash was a total change in the concept of agriculture. Peasants henceforth produced mainly for the market, and got cash from the sale of the products. Naturally, in course of time the peasants did not necessarily produce food crops.
There was the tendency to grow specialized crops that would fetch better returns. If the peasants found the production of cotton, jute, sugarcane, etc. were being sold at higher price then surely they would produce these instead of food grains.
This new phenomenon came to be known as the ‘commercialization of agriculture’.