Cultural activities under the Mauryas were mainly confined to the development of architecture and sculpture. Most of the buildings of the Mauryan period were made of wood.
And that is the reason why most of the specimens of the Mauryan architecture have perished with the passage of time. However, gradually stone came to be used by the Maurya architects.
The wonderful specimens of Maurya architecture are the hall of the Hundred Pillars as well as the royal palace of the Mauryan king unearthed at the site of ancient Pataliputra.
The Buddhist stupas at Sanchi and Bharhut built during the Maurya period attract the attention of tourists even today.
Besides, the stone pillars with their capitals speak of the high degree of mastery attained by the Mauryan sculptors.
The Mauryan architectural style though influenced by the foreign Persian culture had a profound indigenous foundation.