(i) Initially, Congress had ignored the dalits for fear of offending the Sanatanis, the conservative high-caste Hindus.
(ii) But Mahatma Gandhi believed that Swaraj would not come for a hundred years if untouchability was not eliminated.
(iii) He called them ‘Harijans’ and he himself cleaned toilets to dignify the work of sweepers.
(iv) But many dalit leaders demanded reserved seats in educational institutions and a separate electorate.
(v) So dalit participation in the Civil Disobedience Movement was limited.