Chandigarh is bound on all sides by the states of Haryana and Punjab.
Capital : Chandigarh, Area : 114 sq. km. Population : 9,00,914 principal Languages : Hindi and Punjabi, Urbanization rate : 89.77% Literacy rate : 81.76%, City : Chandigarh, Airport : Chandigarh Airport
Number of Bank Branches: 109
Railway Route Per ‘000 Sq. of Area: 110 Km.
State of Economy:
The territory has 3,047 hectares of cultivable land. The irrigated area is about 2,740. Wheat, maize and paddy are the major crops. The forest covers 27 per cent of the area. The length of the national highway in the territory is 34.38 km. There are 15 large and medium scale industrial units in Chandigarh. More than 2,600 units are registered in the small scale sector. Chandigarh gets 3.5 per cent share of the total power generated by Bhakra dam.
Panjab University, Chandigarh: Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh.
Places of Tourist Attraction:
Rose Garden, Rock Garden, Shanti Kunj, Lake, Museum, Art Gallery, Capital Complex and National Gallery of Portraits.
Electric Meters, Bicycles, Free Wheels and Rims, Antibiotics, Hosiery and Knitting Machines, Needles, Wool Tops, Consumer Goods.
Wheat, Maize and Paddy.
On the pattern of the colonial Irish constabulary, Sir Charles Napier established a police system in Sindh in 1843. The British Army Officers closely supervised and controlled forces, which were resultantly more disciplined, efficient and not corrupt.
Influenced by the success of Napier’s police, the Court of Directions of the East India Company suggested that a common system of police be established of the pattern of Irish Constabulary. The British Indian Government set up a Police Commission headed by H.M. Court in 1860.
One of the policy directives to the Police Commission of 1860 was, “….Though the duties of the police should be entirely civil, not military, the organisation and discipline of the police should be similar to those of a military body.”
The present police system in our country has been established under this Charter. The Punjab Police Rules were framed in 1934, which still govern the police organizations in the north Indian states of Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, Chandigarh and Haryana.
he state of Haryana was carved out of Punjab on 1 November, 1966. At that time, it comprised one Police Range and 6 districts and had strength of 12,615 personnel. Today, the state is divided into 4 Ranges and 21 districts besides the Railway Police district. Today, Haryana Police has a total strength 37,223 (Gazetted Officers-226! Inspectors-359, Sub-inspectors-1053, Assistant Sub-inspectors-2383, Head Constables-8007, Constables-25195).