Jagadish Chandra Bose was born on 30 November, 1858 in Mymensingh (now Bangladesh). He had his educa­tion at Calcutta, Cambridge and London. He studied the physical science in St. Xavier’s College at Calcutta. But he graduated in the natural sciences in England.

He then joined Presidency College at Calcutta in 1855 as Assistant Professor of Physics. Most of his important physical and biological experiments were carried out at the Presidency College laboratory.

Jagadish Chandra is the inventor of wireless telegraphy, but before he could register his patent, Guglielmo Marconi secured his patent on wireless telegraphy, and the latter’s name came on world record as the inventor.

Jagadish Chandra first proved that plants have also life like the human beings. They have also feelings. They rejoice and feel pains like us. Bose invented several sensitive instru­ments. His Crescograph is an instrument used to measure the rate of growth of plants.


Jagadish Chandra Bose founded in Calcutta the ‘Bose Institute’ in November, 1917 with donations collected from the people. He remained its Director till his death on 23 November, 1937.