Educational Psychology can be defined as “that branch of psychology which deals with the application (psychological principles and laws in the educational field.” It is an important branch of applied phology that deals with human behaviour in educational situation.
Peel says “Educational Psychology Bps the teacher to understand the development of his pupils, the range and limits of their capacities, process by which they learn and their social relationship.”
Educational Psychology is the scientific study of the application of the laws and principles of psychology that makes education effective. In education we are concerned mainly with three factors the teacher, the pupil and the subject matter. For the promotion of good education the three well related.
The teacher must possess sound knowledge and understanding about the pupils to the subject matter. Thus in the present time there is a strong cry for the proper understanding lie pupils to whom instruction is offered.
There is a swing from the subject centered education to centered education centric education. This is thanks to the efforts taken by Rousseau, Froebel, Montessori and other thinkers who pleaded for the thorough understanding of the ire of the individual to whom instruction is offered. This, indeed, resulted in the scientific study of child and his nature.
The Child has become the pivot in the educational system. The subject matter framed in consonance with the nature of his development, his needs and requirements, his potentialities in interests.
In Educational Psychology a sincere attempt is made to understand the nature of the individual so to produce desirable change, in his behaviour. Educational Psychology is mainly concerned, with Mowing topics: (i) Growth and development (ii) Individual Differences, (iii) The learning process,(iv) Motivation, (v) Remembering and forgetting, (vi) Personality and adjustment, (vii) Mental Hygiene, (viii) Leadership and group behaviour, (ix) Needs of the individual, (x) Measurement and Evaluation.