India has formally coordinated its various organisations related to space programme in 1972 by constituting the space commission and the Development of Space (DOS). Both of these institutes are Umbrella organisations which direct and regulate India’s space programme.

Main contributions of progress made in the field of space technology, especially in socio­economic development are:

(i) Survey of various mineral and natural resources have been made possible through remote sensing.

(ii) Management of these resources, their development conservation and formulation of various policies are affectively done with the use of information derived through remote sensing.


(iii) Various meteorological services including information about monsoon, climate flood, cyclonic activities etc are provided through the technologies.

(iv) It has developed communication technology in India.

(v) They have proved very useful in spread of education. Even in remote areas, the expertise educations have been made possible through the talk back channels of INSAT-3D satellite.

(vi) They have helped in environment conservation programmes estimation of agricultural production and water resources information’s.


(vii) Green revolution had been made possible through this technology.

(viii) The concept of “Gramsat” satellites have emerged to provide the basic requirements of villages.

(ix) Apart from these various uses, the space programme has helped in social cultural and scientific consolidation and harmony. In these ways, the space programme has given a push to every aspect of our national policies and programmes contributing widely towards socio-economic, development of India, besides economic and scientific progress.