Notes on Distribution of Population of India by Density

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Notes on Distribution of Population of India by Density

Population density provides a better picture of uneven distribution.

  • Population density is defined as the number of persons living per unit area.

i. India is one of the most densely populated countries of the world.

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ii. Bangladesh and Japan have higher average population densities than India.

iii. The population densities of these countries are:

India: 324

Bangladesh: 1007

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Japan: 348

Average population density of India in the year 2001 was 324 persons per s km.

iv. It varies from 904 persons per s km in West Bengal to only 13 persons per s km in Arunachal Pradesh.

Uneven distribution of Population densities at the state level.

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1. Sparse Population States:

States with population density below 250 persons per s km. have sparse population

a. The reasons for sparse population in these states are:

i. Rugged terrain

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ii. Unfavourable climatic conditions

b. States with density below 100 persons per s km are:

i. Jammu and Kashmir

ii. Sikkim

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iii. Arunachal Pradesh

iv. Mizoram.

2. Moderate Population States:

i. State with population density ranging between 250 and 500 persons per s km are moderately inhabited states.

ii. The following factors responsible for moderate population in these states are:

iii. Hilly, dissected and rocky terrain

· Moderate to low rainfall

· Shallow and less fertile soils.

iv. States induced in this category are:

  • Assam, Jharkhand
  • Tripura
  • Gujarat, Maharashtra
  • Karnataka
  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Punjab
  • Haryana.

3. Dense Population States:

States with more than 500 persons per s km density.

Reasons for thick population are:

Flat plains with fertile soils.

Abundant rainfall.

i. Thickly populated states are:

  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Bihar
  • West Bengal
  • Kerala.

ii. States with population density below 250 persons per sq. km are:

  • Himachal Pradesh
  • Uttaranchal
  • Rajasthan
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Chhattisgarh
  • Orissa
  • Meghalaya
  • Nagaland
  • Manipur.

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