In the Indian context, especially, rural sociology is of greater significance because of the following reasons-
(a) Village is the life and blood of Indian social life; according to S.C. Dubey “from time immemorial village has been a basic and important unit in the organization of Indian social life.”
(b) Unique nature of transformation of Indian society where elements of traditional and modern cultures have been juxtaposed;
(c) Agricultural base of the country is of unique variety and also the most predominant mode of occupation is agriculture;
(d) For rural development and solution of rural problems; according to A.R. Desai, “this systematic study of rural social organization; of its structure; function and evolution has not only become necessary but also urgent after advent of independence…
(e) Growing influence of industrialization and urbanization;
(f) Villages as the basic unit of study;
(g) Scientific study of village community is a prerequisite for democratic decentralization.