Wildlife conservation encompasses all human activities and efforts directed to preserve wild animals from extinction. It involves both protection and scientific management of wild species and their environment.
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India has a rich and varied fauna. There are about 75,000 species of animals of which 340 are mammals, 1200 birds, 420 reptiles, 140 amphibians, 2000 fishes, 50,000 insects 4000 mollusks and the other invertebrate. Fauna and flora of India are highly diversified into many beautiful and varied forms.
India's 59 national parks and 254 sanctuaries, which occupy an insignificant 4 percent of the country's geographical area, have proved insufficient to protect the country's wildlife. The animals have been driven away from their natural habitats and are being ruthlessly poached.
Wildlife is an integral part of our ecosystem. It is a matter of great concern that some species of wildlife have been already exterminated while some others are facing extinction.
Species have been dying out since life began. In a way extinction is a part of the ecosystem. It is impossible to determine how many species have disappeared. Scientists estimate that go percent of the species that have ever lived have vanished.
India has a wide variety of wildlife and rich in wildlife heritage. Elephant, one-horned rhinoceroses, camel, wild asses, Indian bison, buffalo, nilgai, deer, lions, Bengal tigers are some of them.
The most serious treat to wildlife is posed by habitat destruction. Expanding agriculture, industry and urbanization etc. are the causes of this destruction.
You will be curious to know why we should save endangered species. Why is that all policy makers, scientists and interest citizens argue that species extinction is one of the most serious environmental problems? The importance of the need for protecting endangered species is discussed below.
Wildlife extinction results from many forces operating in the society, such as economics, politics and psychology, the specific activities that cause extinction of species and the relative importance of each.
Greenland is located in the north polar region. It is the largest island in the world. It is located in the north Atlantic Ocean lying off the east coast of Canada. Greenland has an area of about 2,175,000 square kilometers.