There are two main theories concerning the origin of social stratification. (i) Theory of economic determinism of Karl Marx, which is often referred to as the conflict theory and (ii) The functionalist theory. They are stated below.
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The heart of socialization is the development of the self. But what is meant by self? According to Cooley- "By self is meant that which is designated in common speech by 'I', 'me' and 'myself; Cooley's definition of self is simple enough but it does not refer to any clear cut entity such as one's body.