Pellagra has been called the disease of the 4 D’s-dermatitis (skin disease), diarrhea, dementia (failure to maintain normal mental state) and death.
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Early symptoms are characterized by cheilosis (lesions of the lips and the angles of the mouth), angular stomatitis (inflammation of the mucous membrane of the mouth), glossitis (inflammation of the tongue), and seborrheic dermatitis.
Thiamine deficiency may also cause defects in the myocardium. The heart may show dilatation and enlargement, especially on the right side.
The early symptoms start with itching, burning and inflammation of eyelids followed by various eye conditions.
AIDS, an acronym for the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, is a fatal illness caused by a retrovirus known as the Human-immune-Deficiency (HIV) which breaks down the body's immune system.
It is a contagious disease that appears in epidemic form. The causative organism is a filterable virus. Usually it occurs during the month of October and November.
Filaria is also an infectious disease caused by the bite of culex mosquito. It can happen to any person. The causative organism is a Nematode known as 'Wuchereria (filaria) bancrofti' these is small thread-like worms found in the blood of a person suffering from the disease.
Malaria is a widely prevalent disease in India. It makes the person weak as frequent attacks of malaria destroy the RBC's in blood. As a result, it makes the person anemic and prone to other infections. Generally malaria occurs due to two types of organisms.
The first indications of the trouble are irritability and restlessness with headache and chills. Gradually the neck becomes stiff and there is difficulty in chewing and swallowing.
It is an acute infectious disease common among the young children in our country it occurs endemically and epidemically.