Essay on Mahatma Gandhi’s views on Swaraj. Gandhian Swaraj is very much popular in the domain of his thought. Swaraj to him was not simply a political concept but it had its implications in many fields.
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Swaraj (Swarajya) Party was born on January 1, 1923. Its ideological birth may be traced to the Gaya Session of the Indian National Congress in December 1922..
The foundation of Indian National Movement was laid Surendernath Banerjee with the formation of Indian Association Calcutta in 1876.
The nationalist movement grew in a wide spread mass anti-imperialist movement at the end of the war. It served to bring millions of people into the movement for swaraj.
‘Swaraj’ means home rule or independence in internal matters. Poorna Swaraj (Complete Independence) implies independence in internal as well as external matters.
In December 1929, the Congress held its annual session at Lahore. Jawaharlal Nehru was the president at this session. In this session, the Congress declared ‘Purna Swaraj’ or Complete Independence as its ultimate goal.