The way the molecules are arranged hi a solid, liquid or gas, determines its properties. The molecules in solids are tightly packed and they attract each other strongly. Therefore, solids have the following properties.
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Some of the essential properties of solids are : 1. A solid has a definite volume and definite shape 2. A solid is rigid and cannot be compressed easily 3. A solid does not diffuse into another solid easily and 4. A solid does not flow and can be stored in a container.
Each physical state of matter possesses characteristics properties of its own. For example: solids are rigid, and incompressible, liquids are almost incompressible but less incompressible than solids, gases are highly compressible, i.e. gases can be compressed easily by applying pressure.